Constellational astrology according to the hindu system

At the moment of impregnation Sanjna had assumed the shape of a horse. That is why this lunar constellation is called horse woman. The twins appeared to have healing powers. They have cured many mythological characters who needed medical help. Therefore this constellation has to do with healing, with putting a halt to the ageing process and with eternal youth.

A doctor has to be on the spot quickly. A good doctor travels at high speed to the place where he has to help sick people or has to assist in case of an accident. Good ways of transportation are indispensable for this purpose. Because of the relationship between doctors, swiftness and good ways of transportation, this constellation deals with means of transport and rapid actions. A person for whom the Ashwini constellation plays an important role, is open to the needs of others and wants to do something about these needs in a preferably quick and efficient way.

This may result in heroic acts and as a consequence in a growing popularity of the person. In this case the ego has to be strong enough to handle this popularity. The spiritual path belonging to Ashwini is that of a healer or shaman. This is the reason why practising shamanism is a good method for this constellation. Bharani has to do with growing processes that emerge from.

It is the constellation of the womb where new life comes into being. It has to do with birth and transformation. Birth and death belong together. Each time we enter into a new phase of our life, we conclude an old one. The dying of the old is the logical consequence of the birth of the new.

It is because of this that Yama, the god of death, belongs to this constellation. The vagina is the symbol of this lunar constellation. The vagina welcomes the seed that makes new life possible and is the way through which new life comes into the world. The sexual deed is the foundation of the beginning of new life. The orgasm is also called: 'la petite mort' or 'the short death'. During an orgasm one looses control. For a little while the ego is dead and you are in immediate contact with the divine.

Bharani deals with birth and the protection of life. The transformation processes connected to this constellation can be violent. This spiritual path may be intense and violent. It is about living your life without compromise and being open to transformation processes. Practising and understanding sexuality may help to gain insight into the mysteries of life and death. In the sky, Krittika is positioned in the form of a group of stars called "The Pleiades", or the "weeping sisters" as they are sometimes called.

The warrior may bring destruction and sadness. However, he may also be the protector of the good and the destroyer of evil. The warrior knows what he wants and he is prepared to give his life in order to protect what is good. Karttikeya, the general of the heavenly army, is the bearer of the golden sword.

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He fights demons and shines like the sun in his golden armour. That is why Karttikeya is associated with the golden light of the sun and the wealth connected with it. Agni, the other god that reigns over Krittika, brings destruction but also purification. The word agni stands for the fire of digestion. If a person has little agni he cannot digest food very well. If agni functions well, all the good nutrients can be benefited from. The transforming energy of agni allows the body to be able to take in food. Without the fire of agni, there is no absorption of nutrients and thus no life.

This lunar constellation symbolises the way of the warrior. If Krittika plays an important role in a person's horoscope, Eastern martial arts may suit him. It is not a path of safety and comfort, but of knowing what you want and drawing the consequences of that. If your motives are pure, Krittika leads you to heroic acts and to the life the soul wishes for. In the Bhagavad Gita, the heroic epic of Hinduism, the way of the warrior is described in detail see reading list.

Rohini is regarded as one of the most favourable lunar constellations regarding one's earthly life. Rohini was the favourite bride of Chandra, the lunar god. She became his favourite because of her beauty, artistically talents and expertise in the 'erotic arts'. The colour red which is associated with Rohini Rohini means red relates to passion and sensuality.

This constellation consists of five stars among which the red star Aldabaran. If the moon is in Rohini, she is in exaltation. This means that Rohini is an exceptionally favourable position for the moon to be in. Chandra, the lunar god, will flourish. It is a constellation that may bring fortune and happiness. This entails a risk, however. A person with a strong emphasis on this constellation would immerse himself in the materialistic aspects of life in such a way that the spiritual aspect would be lost.

Brahma is the creator: the god who made the material world. The symbol of Rohini, a carriage drawn by oxen, represents wealth. Rohini leads to the world of wealth, luxury and sensuality. This may enrich your life unless you would consequently neglect the spiritual aspect of your life. Spirituality however, does not necessarily mean asceticism. The spiritual path of Rohini has to do with Tantra. Tantra is a religion from ancient India which consists of embracing life, enjoying all aspects of existence and, by doing so, reaching harmony with the universe and going into ecstasy and enlightenment for more information see reading list.

A deer is a shy animal, always looking for food and safety. It is a beloved animal that plays an important role in romantic stories. The little deer Bambi conquers the heart of all children. The deer has charm, it is sensitive, easily disturbed and changeable. Because the deer is associated with love and romance the period that the moon is in Mrigashirsha is seen to be particularly favourable for love and romance.

Soma is a manifestation of the lunar god. The moon is fickle like the deer. The moon expresses itself in changeable phases. In the Vedas, Soma is both the name of a manifestation of the lunar god and the name of a drug. Soma was a natural drug used in rituals to bring ecstasy to the user and to bring him into contact with the gods at the same time. It was considered to be the nectar of the gods, that would bring immortality amrita.

Perhaps these were hallucinatory mushrooms or a kind of alcohol. Until today, this is unknown. After the Vedic period, the origin of Soma sank into oblivion. Soma is also the substance that is released from the crown chakra upon reaching a state of enlightenment samadhi. This shows that it is possible to produce this substance ourselves.

This movable, or sign zodiac is a pictorial analysis of the Sun's function in relation to the Earth as it makes the yearly cycle of the seasons. It is analogous to the intellect which apparently can be employed to modify the action of the Will. The zodiac of the constellations describes man's spiritual status expressed through the subconscious mind, creating the limitations of his intel- ligence, revealing his compulsions, obsessions, passions and drives, as well as his fundamental psychic pattern which must be adjusted to family, society, religion and the natural clements. Signs indicate what man might wish to do, while constellations indicate what he is 3 obliged to do from karmic necessity.

It might be said that the two systems represent the Dr. Jekyl and Mr. Hyde in each person. Experience has taught that failure to understand or recognize this dual nature in man leads to great unhap- piness. Each zodiac expresses itself in various functions of the body the signs through the brain, sensory appa- ratus; the constellations through the endocrine glands, the autonomic nervous system, etc. It is vital for mental and physical health that the inner and outer natures work in harmony.

The study of these two sys- tems of astrology provides valuable clues as to the methods and means whereby this most important co- operation can be achieved. THE AYANAMSHA The difference in longitude between the 0 Aries point of the constellations and the 0 Aries point of the signs vernal equinox is referred to by the Hindus as the ayanamsha, from the Sanskrit words, ayana, mean- ing "season of the year," and amsha, which means "a portion. An ayanamsha is calculated by using the time elapsed between any given event and the date when the signs and constellations coincided in 0 Aries.

The American Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac, gives the formula for calculating the rate of precession for any calendar year as In this formula, 'T" means the calendar year for which the precession is desired. How- ever, in calculating the ayanamsha for longer periods, such as several hundred or a thousand years, it would be necessary to follow the formula given to obtain more exact results.

From the preceding method for determining the ayanamsha it may be seen that it is necessary to know the date on which the beginning point of the signs and constellations coincided. In India today there is dis- agreement among astrologers as to the date of zero ayanamsha. Presumably for religious and metaphysical reasons it has been hidden in order to exclude those who are not properly initiated to possess this essential key to the vital secrets of scientific astrology.

Personal research, including eighteen months in India at such centers of astrological culture as Madras, Tanjorc, Bombay, Ujjain, Jaipore, Benares and Kashmerc, com-. For th1 Yu I! No date in the history of the past two thousand years is so indicative of such changes as the period in which the birth of Christ occurred Jesus of Nazareth. The archetypal symbol of the fish is frequently found in the New Testament, which in itself would seem to verify the theory that the equinox had changed from Aries to Pisces at that time.

One of Christ's first miracles was the feeding of the multitude on five loaves and two fishes. He called fishermen to follow Him, and sent them out to be fishers of men. As the Lamb of God Aries , He was sacrificed to make way for the new dispensation. The Age that followed His birth has been rightly termed Piscean. Ancient man used waterways as means of exploring and contacting the world about him, but this was neces- sarily limited in range due to dependence on primitive craft; his journeys were confined to rivers and shore- lines. It was in the Piscean Age that Norsemen and Mediterranean peoples ventured to cross large bodies of water, their Jupitcrean curiosity culminating in the great maritime discoveries of the 15th and 16th cen- turies.

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The conquest of the sea was facilitated by such inventions as the compass, sextant, the keel and rudder which made it possible to sail against the wind, and finally in more recent times, the steam engine and screw propeller were introduced to make ocean travel not only reliable, but to link the ports of the world in a vast network serving commerce. The elevation of the status of women, for example - Pisces being a feminine con- stellation. Jupiter's influence as ruler of Pisces is seen in the concept of humanism with its ideal of social responsibilities.

During this period there has also been the development of salesmanship, either on the reli- gious level evangelism , or in merchandising. The rise of the merchant class created the necessity for stand- ards of measurement and exchange suitable to all countries, and brought into being banking systems, international law and diplomacy, all of which arc of a J upiterean nature.

The negative aspect of Jupiter may be seen in the general acceptance by all countries and cultures of the "war of justification. Nations attack other nations and excuse their actions on the basis of "liberating the peoples of the nations attacked, "'for their own good: Previous to the Pisccan Age, such concepts not prevalent.

There is no denying that the Piscean Age has witnessed the evils of war many times over. The gen- eral public usually recognizes the underlying motiva- tions of war. Such is the duplicity of Jupiter, which was additionally manifested until recently in the tacit approval of slavery by the major religions. In place of open forms of slavery. Many other examples could l1c cited. The theory of coincidence of the constellations and the signs at approximately the beginning of the Chris- tian era is given strength by the estcL'l11ed Hindu astrol- oger.

Varaha Mihira. Varaha Mihira was not only a highly respected writer of astrological works, but was desig- nated as one of the seven notable men who graced the court of the Indian ruler, Vikranwditya. In his work. This must inc. Iced have been so, since it is recorded in our ancient shastras. Until more precise limitations can be determined it is logical to use the beginning of the Christian era as the beginning point of the ayanamsha, when the difference of signs and constellations was zero.

Further proof of this date as the initial point of the precession is contained in the Hindu work. Surya Siddhanta. This is explained in the Appendix. How- ever. The ayanamsha used in this text takes as its beginning cal- culation date, 1 A. Proceeding on this opinion. Thus the ayanamsha for is 26 58' 17". For any date prior to As an example, the ayanamsha for A. This figure is subtracted from the ayanamsha of 26 24' 47" , giving 25 42' 55" as the ayanamsha for To change the customary sign zodiac horoscope used in Western astrology to a constellational horoscope.

In this connection it is to be noted that the Hindu system. Neptune and Pluto. The tradi- tional rulcrship of Saturn for Aquarius. The North Node is termed Rahu. The horoscope based on the movable zodiac is termed a sayana the constcllational horoscope is called a nirayana chart. As an example in comparing a sayana chart with its nirayana counterpart.

The data for the sayana chart is May 24, London, England. The ayanamsha for the birth is 25 18' Figure 1. Gemini gives interest in intel- lectual matters as well as curiosity about the persons in the native's immediate environment. Applying the ayanamsha to the sayana chart places the Sun, Moon and Ascendant in the fixed constella- tion Taurus, indicating a personality which is deter- mined, possessive of material goods, conservative, and dedicated to the preservation of the status quo in so far as it insures personal comfort.

Obviously Taurean characteristics differ from those of Gemini. According to accounts of her life, Victoria's youth was predominantly of a Gcminian nature, but became more and more the staid Taurean as she grew older. Before reaching maturity generally around the thirtieth year , she was a gay, open-hearted young woman, fond of amusements and travel about the coun- tryside.

How to co-relate the Nakshatras to the planets in an individual's Horoscope

In her many letters to relatives and friends she displayed much wit, coupled with a lively interest in the world about her. After she was forty her attitudes changed and were marked by a strong determination to hold her place as a powerful monarch, which she did for sixty years. This alone would be quite an undertaking for a Gemini per- sonality, but was perfectly in keeping with the Taurus side of her nature. During Victoria's long reign, Edward, Prince of Wales, attained such an advanced age that he lived only ten years after his coronation. During his protracted wait for the crown he had little to do but amuse him- self, and became internationally known as a playboy.

Because of his reputation, the royal family did not consider him well-suited for the responsibilities of the monarchy. It would seem that the Queen felt it her duty to retain the crown in order to prevent Edward from ruling! This is not to say that she consciously enter- tained such ideas, but the astrological evidence in the nirayana horoscope points to this factor, which the findings of modern analytic psychology might well support. Upon the death of the Prince Consort in , Vic- toria ceased inviting to the court any of the inteIIectual and literary giants which abounded in her era.

The company of the great philosophers. His- tory records her lack of concern with mentally stimu- lating people and ideas. She also ex- celled in being a ruler, maintaining the empire while expanding its resources. Nor was she above placing her royal relatives in positions from which they derived comfortable incomes from public funds. And like a good Venusian, she so loved flattery that Disraeli owed much of his success to his facility in this art.

Such activities indicate the fixed Venusian constella- tion, which readily reveals the source of her motives and ambitions. If Gemini be taken as the Ascendant it would be difficult to account for this conduct, but if Taurus is understood as the dominant influence, by virtue of the constellational position of her vital centers, her actions were logical. In this respect it is important to note that the consteIIational characteristics became evident only when she had reached maturity.

She also did con- siderable traveling on the continent, primarily for her health. There is no question that Queen Victoria W"' t c uS a grca success as a ruler, which her nirayana horosco ': d". Venus, ruler of the Ascendant, is only 40 f. Furthcrmor M h" so f. Her unusual luck pub- ic y 1s m 1cate y er birth occurring in , I h d unar our, on a Monday ruled by the Moon exalt. Venus rules he 1 I. The element of timelinc , 1. T e lack of sympathy 'md - 1 rr t. J up1tcr m the 10th indic-1tes stic h h..

Eminently practical in all things - religion, duty, marriage, family, money and responsi- bility - Victoria can scarcely be typed as a humani- tarian, which Jupiter in Aquarius sayana horoscope , would indicate. However, Jupiter as ruler of Pisces and the 12th house cusp does show her active interest in promoting aid and comfort to the wounded and their wives in the Crimean and Boer Wars; also her support of Florence Nightingale's selfless service as a nurse. Queen Victoria's horo- scope was selected because her life is well documented, affording anyone who is interested in pursuing the mat- ter in detail, ample material for research.

Her nirayana chart will again be used later in the text to illustrate another aspect of Hindu astrology - the Ayurdaya sys- tem for calculating the length of life, and the Pindaja planetary periods of life. May 24, , 4: 16 A. Each rasi of the twelve constellations measures 30 along the ecliptic of the zodiac. Their names are the same as those of the signs in the Western system, and with one exception have a Sanskrit equivalent for the Latin terminology. The 10th rasi, which is Capri- corn seagoat , in Sanskrit is called Makara croco- dile.

Western scholars have accused the Hindus of borrowing their astrology from the Greeks, but this detail in the nomenclature of the 10th rasi casts doubt on such a theory. Rather, the Hindu zodiac agrees with the Egyptian in this matter, which regards the 10th sector of the zodiac as symbolic not of Earth alone, as Western astrology interprets Capricorn, but of part Earth, part Water. Rasis have the same rulers as the signs of the zodiac, and are classified by the properties of Fire, Earth, Air and Water. In addition, certain rasi have geographic affinities based on their elemental qualities.

Application of geographic affinities re- vealed by the rasis is of particular use when removal to another locality is under consideration, or if two oppor- tunities are presented with equal attractiveness and un- distinguished in other respects, the better choice would be indicated by the geographic quarter in which the benefics are found. In general, the rasis are considered as having the same qualities as their sign equivalents. For purposes of comparison, the following list gives the Latin names of the signs, the Sanskrit of the rasis, their symbols and corresponding rulers.

These subdivisions are ex- tensively employed, and it will facilitate calculations if the student memorizes them, particularly those marked by an asterisk, which are primary divisions of the Sapta Varga Bala. Calculation of the Shad Bala ascertains the strength of each planet in nu- merical values, termed virupas. Very little delineation or prognostication can be done with any horoscope until the Shad Bala of the planets has been reckoned. A planet having a high Shad Bala brings more influence for good into the life than a planet low in Shad Bala, so that a strong malefic is more fortunate than a weak benefic.

I Sayana horoscope used, substituting Sun's declina- tion for that of the planets'. This strength de- pends upon a planet's situation in a rasi or rasi subdivi- sion whose ruler is either friendly or unfriendly to the occupying planet. The position of each planet in the rasis and rasi subdivisions is determined according to the Sapta Varga Boundaries Table I - a, b, c. After these preliminaries have been completed, it is then necessary to establish the relationship of friendship or enmity existing between the planets in the individual horoscope.

The subdivisions of the rasis have planetary rulers corresponding to the rulers of the rasis. In other words, each varga division has the same ruler as the rasi constellation for which it is named. For example, an Aries or a Scorpio drekana is ruled by Mars, as is an Aries or Scorpio navamsa; whereas a Taurus drekana, saptamsa, etc. The system of identifying the vargas follows the order of the zodiac in a definite manner, although it is not always a consecutive order.

This system is explained in the following sections, but the student need not commit it to memory, since the Tables of Sapta Varga Boun- daries furnish all the needed information. The first 15 of the even rasis Taurus, Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn and Pisces are ruled by the Moon, and their remaining 15 are ruled by the Sun. Thus each rasi is divided into a positive male and negative female component, representing the two opposites of the same rhythm, both equally essential. The positive force represented by the Sun, which holds 11 forth in the first half of Aries, converts to the negative receptive aspect ruled by the Moon in the second half of Aries, and continues in that phase through the first half of the next rasi, Taurus.

At 15 Taurus another conversion takes place. This latter half of Taurus becomes positive and Sun-ruled, and continues as such through the first half of Gemini, which then gives way to the Moon-ruled portion of the rasi, and extends into the first 15 of Cancer.

Throughout the twelve rasis this positive-negative, negative-positive interlocking takes place. The second drekana 10 to 20 is named for the fifth rasi forward in the zodiac. The third drekana 20 to 30 of any rasi is named for the ninth rasi forward in the zodiac. Thus it may be seen that the decanates of Western astrology are iden- tical with the Hindu drekanas. The drekanas of an Earth rasi are named for the Earth rasis likewise with the drekanas of Air and Water rasis. Succeeding sap- tamsas are named in regular zodiacal order, consecu- tively.

The first saptamsa of an even-numbered rasi is named for the seventh rasi forward in the zodiac from the starting rasi. The succeeding saptamsas of the rasis are named in regular zodiacal order, counting forward. In the even-numbered rasi Taurus, the first saptamsa is named for the rasi opposite, which is Scorpio the 7th rasi forward , follmved by Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces, Aries, and ending with Taurus. Like- wise, in the even-numbered rasi Cancer, the first saptamsa would be Capricorn, followed by Aquarius, etc.

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In all rasis, the first navamsa is named for the Cardinal rasi of its triplicity. The remaining eight navamsas fol- low in regular zodiacal order. In Earth rasis, the first navamsa is Capricorn Cardinal Earth , fol- lowed by the regular order of rasis, and ending with the Earth rasi Virgo. Accordingly, the navamsas for all Air rasis begin with Cardinal Air - Libra, and end with Gemini; the navamsas for all Water rasis begin with Cancer, Cardinal Water, and end with Pisces.

The order of the planetary rulership of the trimsamsas in even- numbered rasis is inverse to the order in odd-numbered rasis. The original Sanskrit writings do not ascribe rasi rulership for these groups of trimsamsas, but merely list them in terms of the planetary rulers. The nirayana horoscope of Calvin Coolidge is used to illustrate the procedure in calculat- ing this seven-fold division of strength Figure 2.

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  5. The first step is to find the position of the seven planets in each of the sapta vargas, noting the ruler of the con- stellation in which they are placed. The nirayana figure gives the rasi positions; the remaining six vargas arc determined from the Tables of Sapta Varga Boundaries Table I - a, b, c. To use these Tables, enter on a graph as in Figure 3, the nirayana longitude of the Sun, Moon and planets. From the Tables of Sapta Varga Boundaries for the rasi which they occupy respectively, find the nearest lesser number of degrees and minutes to the longitude of the planet being processed.

    Read across to the right of the column for the rasi of the planet in question, according to its longitudinal degree, and enter in the graph the symbols found on this line for each of the six subdivi- sions. If no symbol appears on the line itself, use the symbol which is next above it in the same column.

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    With these seven positions of the planets indicated, as in Figure 3, the next process is to calculate the virupas strength each earns by virtue of its position in the sapta vargas, as determined by the Friendships and Enmities existing between planets. Unlike Western astrology, the Hindu system has five possible relation- ships, compounded by inter-relationships of five addi- tional categories. These relationships are called Natural or permanent , because they are always the same in every horoscope, as shown in Figure 4. Since these result from the "acci- dent" of birth, they arc termed Accidental, and because they vary from chart to chart, they are also termed temporary.

    AU planets occupying the same house as the planet being processed are Accidental Enemies, since they would be rivals, or contestants for the territory. All planets occupying the house directly opposite the planet being processed are Ii kewise Accidental Enemies. All planets occupying the four houses adjacent to the house opposite the planet being processed are Acci- dental Enemies. These would be the houses on either side of the 7th from the planet, i. The relationship of Accidental Friends and Enemies is shown by diagram in Figure 5.

    The shaded areas indicate the houses of Natural Enemies for a planet being processed which is located in the first house. Wherever such a planet is located, that is its first house. For example, a planet in Cancer would have as an Accidental Enemy any occupant not only of its own rasi, but in the 7th from it Capricorn , and the two rasis adjacent to Capricorn on either side Sagittarius - Aquarius; Scorpio - Pisces.

    Note the 5 orbs indicated. There are valid reasons for allowing such a margin in making this calculation. As shown in the diagram, the area in the 1st house is extended into the 12th by 5 , and the area of the 1 Oth extends into the 9th house by 5 , while the 5th house extends into the 4th by 5. Also the 2nd extends into the I st house by the same margin. Since there are no unnaturally abrupt changes in astrology, the rule is logical, and has been affirmed by years of experience.

    Observance of these orbs of house cusps is an integral part of delin- eation in the Hindu system. In calculating the Accidental relationships of a horo- scope, the Ptolemaic rule is most important, since planets may appear to be in the same house when, by virtue of the 5 orb, one or more may be located in the next house. Thus the particular planets involved would be Accidental Friends instead of Enemies. Likewise, a planet may appear to be in a friendly house, but actu- ally be in an unfriendly position. The horoscope of Calvin Coolidge provides an ex- ample of the method by which Accidental Friends and Enemies are determined in the nirayana chart.

    Saturn is most conspicuous, since it stands alone in the 5th house. All other planets oppose it, being either in the 9th or I 0th house, in the opposite sector of the chart. According to the general rule, the house containing the planet under consideration is counted as the I st house, and planets in the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 10th, I I th or 12th 15 from it are Friends; those in the remaining houses are Enemies.

    In the Coolidge chart, an exception to this mle and a demonstration of the 5 orb allowance is provided by Jupiter, which is in the 11th house, but less than 5 from the 12th house cusp. Hence, for purposes of this calculation, it is in the 12th house. Thus Mercury, Sun and Venus, all in the 11th house of the chart, are in Jupiter's adjacent house, which makes them Accidental Friends.

    Moon and Mars in the 10th house, are in the 11th from Jupiter, and arc therefore also Accidental Friends. Saturn remains as the only Accidental Enemy, since it occupies the 6th house from Jupiter. In looking for Accidental Friends or Enemies of the Moon, Mars might appear to be another exception to the rule, since it lies so close to the cusp of the 1 l th house.

    The remaining four planl'ls - Venus, Sun, Mercury and Jupiter - occupy the 2nd and 3rd houses from that of the Moon, and therefore arc Acci- dental Friends. Sun in the 1 lth house, flanked by Venus and Mercury in the same house, places them as Enemies of the Sun. Saturn, oc- cupying the 7th house from the Sun, is also an Enemy. Jupiter, considered to be in the 12th house, which is the 2nd from the Sun, is an Accidental Friend.

    Mars and Moon, being in the 12th house from that of the Sun, are also Accidental Friends. By the same procedure, the relationships of Venus, Mercury and Mars are established. In any horoscope under consideration, the Accidental Friends and Enemies of each planet must similarly be ascertained and designated in the respective columns of a speculum as shown in Figure 7, I and IL There must always be a total of six planets in the various columns for each planet processed. Constellational Astrology The particular order of the planets in this speculum- Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn - is according to the planetary rulerships of the days of the week.

    It is an order adhered to by the Hindu astrol- oger, and will be used throughout this book. This se- quence is followed so consistently in India that planets are often referred to merely by number. In a Sanskrit text, 1 may refer to the Sun, and not be intended as a numeral; similarly, Moon is 2, Mars is 3, etc. From this Compound relationship the sapta varga virupas are derived, by which the strength of a planet is measured. Rupa is derived from a Sanskrit term meaning "body"; in Hindu astrology the rupa is the complete body of potential planetary strength.

    The virupa values are given subsequently. In the latter instances, a planet receives more virupas than any derived from Compound associations. There is no Western astrological equivalent for mula trikona rulership. With the exception of the Moon, mula trikona is similar to regular rulership, but is con- fined to only one constellation per planet. Thus Mer- cury, although having rulership over both Gemini and Virgo, is mula trikona in Virgo, but swakshetra in. This mula trikona value is limited to the rasi position of the planet, and does not apply in the sub- divisions.

    When a planet is in a subdivision of a rasi over which it has rulership, the swakshetra value is given. A planet in mula trikona receives 45 virupas; in swakshetra, 30 virupas. For example, Sun in Leo rasi would receive 45 virupas mula trikona, but if in Leo hora, drekana, or any of the other subdivisions, it would receive only 30 virnpas for being swakshetra.

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    The Spcculums of Friendships and Enmities Figure 7 , and of Sapta Varga Values Figure 8 , for the horo- scope of Calvin Coolidge, will be used to demonstrate the process of calculating Compound relationships in any horoscope. Values derived from mula trikona or swakshetra, if any exist, are also en- tered. In the horoscope of Coolidge, there are no plan- ets in mula trikona, but several are in swakshetra vargas.

    Following the same procedure in determining the Compound relationships and virupas for the Moon, both Sun and Mercury are Natural and Accidental Friends, hence they are Great Friends. In the speculum Figure 8 , the virupa values have been entered in the column for the Sun according to the planetary ruler of the constellation in which sapta varga falls obtained from Figure 3. For the Moon, it will be noted that dwadasamsa sapta varga is under Cancer, ruled by the Moon, thus giving it 30 virupas for being swakshetra. The same situation occurs under Mars, which is in its own field in Scorpio navamsa and Aries trimsamsa.

    Mercury is in its own field in its rasi and navamsa rulcrships. The same occurs under Jupi- ter, who is ruler of his saptamsa, which appreciably aids in giving this planet next to the highest virupa sapta varga value in the horoscope of Calvin Coolidge.

    GF SW T;i 13II33' ' N 7. Using the nirayana horoscope, determine the posi- tion of the planets from the Tables of Sapta Varga Boundaries Table I - a, b, c , as illustrated in Fig- ure 3. Prepare a speculum as in Figure 7, and determine the Friendships and Enmities of each planet according to its house position in the chart, observing the Ptole- maic orb of 5 as shown in Figure 5.

    Combine the Natural and Accidental positions of the planets and enter the results in the Speculum for Compound Relationships in the proper columns. Enter in a speculum as in Figure 8, the nirayana longitude of the natal planets. List the sapta vargas in a column to the left, and place the proper symbol for each from Step 1 in the columns headed by the planets, and add the planetary rulers of these sapta varga positions. From the Speculum of Compound Relationships Step 3 , take the virupa value for each planetary ruler of the sapta vargas Schedule C , and enter these fig- ures in the Speculum of Sapta Varga Values, as in Fig- ure 8, making sure to observe when any planet is mula trikona Figure 6 or swakshetra.

    Complete the sapta varga bala by totaling the virupas for each of the planets. Each planet has its own point of highest exaltation, the value of which is 60 virupas. However, a planet always receives a propor- tion of this full strength according to the relative dis- tance from its exaltation point. Among its various functions in the delineation of a horoscope, Uccha Bala describes a person's soul growth and age, as well as his relationship to karmic necessity.

    Thus it reveals the proper vocation and the portion of success in life. It is also a factor in determining the length of life. In Western astrology we arc familiar with the exalta- tion of planets by signs. Although in Hindu astrology, 21 exaltations occur in the constellations rasis , these have the same names as the signs in which they occur in the Western system. For example, Moon is exalted in the rasi Taurus, Sun in the rasi Aries, and so forth. Thus, in the matter of exaltations there is an apparent contradiction between the Hindu and Western systems, since Moon exalted in the sign Taurus, in all proba- bility is in the rasi Aries; whereas Moon exalted in the rasi Taurus, is in all probability in the sign Gemini.

    In neither instance would it have exaltation value. This seeming discrepancy lies in the different view- points of the two methods, and is not essentially a con- flict. In the Western school, Moon exalted in Taurus indicates a person well-equipped to profit materially in matters ruled by the Moon.

    In the Hindu school, Moon exalted in the rasi Taurus indicates one who in former lives has performed creditably in those fields of activity under rulership of the Moon, thereby gaining spiritual merit in this incarnation. Sign exaltation of the Moon would enable a person to gratify personal desires in this world, insofar as they relate to lunar activities.

    Because of this material ad- vantage, there is always the possibility of creating new karmic debts to be paid in future lives. In its rasi exalta- tion, the Moon signifies a spiritual lesson accomplished, freeing the person from further involvement in matters governed by the Moon. Consequently, there may not be great material rewards in this incarnation, but there is liberation from those affairs which so often occupy the full attention of most people.

    A major difference between the Hindu and Western systems lies in the farmer's use of degrees of exaltation. Whereas in the Western system a planet is accorded a particular degree in which it is at its strongest point of exaltation, and has dignity if it occupies any position within the 30 limit of the sign, the Hindus allow for a graduated value encompassing the entire zodiac, which permits finer shades of delineation. Each planet has an exact degree of exaltation in its rasi, and receives a proportionate virupa value accord- ing to its distance from that degree.

    The zero point, termed neecha point of deepest depression , is always from the exaltation point. In Figure 9. Ncecha points, being exactly oppo- site uccha, have a value of 0 virupas. Uccha bala is calculated from neecha. There are a number of calculations in the Hindu system based upon the same principle of measuring a planet or point along an arc of , lying between its maximum and minimum value loca- tions.

    Consequently, all planets earn a proportional value based upon their position along this arc. It is a simple system which can readily be visualized by imag- ining a planet occupying its exact exaltation point 60 virupas , so that a planet 90 away from this point would receive only 30 virupas, or Yi of its full value.

    Indian Astrology

    However, a planet is not always conveniently located at one of these points; therefore an intermediate posi- tion is determined by use of straight zodiacal longitude - the distance of a planet degrees, minutes and sec- onds from 0 Aries. A planet in 5 Taurus is 35 from 0 Aries, or 35 zodiacal longitude. For easy reference it is advisable to list on any nirayana chart the zodiacal longitudes of all the planets and the Nodes.

    To determine a planet's uccha bala, subtract the planet's longitude from that of its neecha, or zero point, if the- neecha longitude is the greater of the two. If the longitude of the planet is the greater, subtract the neecha longitude from the planet's longitude. In no in- stance should a planet's uccha bala exceed When this occurs, add to the zodiacal longitude of the planet or its neecha point which is to be subtracted.

    Constellational Astrology Since of uccha bala equals one rupa, or 60 virupas, it follows that anything less than would result in a fraction of a rupa. To arrive at this frac- tional value, convert the minutes of a planet's distance from its neecha point by changing into decimals of a degree dividing by The result is then divided by 3, which gives the planet's uccha bala in virupas.

    The Sun in the horoscope of Calvin Coolidge will serve as an example in finding the uccha bala of a planet. In these calculations, the nirayana chart is always used. Sun is 1 Gemini, or 1 zo- diacal longitude. The Sun's neecha point is 10 Libra, or zodiacal longitude, which is greater than that of the Sun. Therefore, the Sun's position is subtracted from the neecha point. Sun's Neecha, 10 Libra Zod Lo. Sun, 1 Gemini 1 Zod. Arc of Distance 1 Convert minutes to decimals of a degree:. In this same horoscope, Saturn illustrates an instance when the planet's longitude is greater than its neecha longitude.

    Saturn, 1 Sagittarius 1 Zod. Saturn's Neccha, 20 Aries - 20 Zod. Neecha Zod. Saturn's Zod. The uccha bala of the remaining planets is calculated in the same manner, and their virupa strength entered in the Shad Bala Speculum, Figure In Western astrol- ogy, planets occupying angular houses have precedence because they are most active and therefore more power- ful than planets in other houses.

    The same rule applies in Hindu astrology, with certain refinements in evaluat- ing the strength a planet may have when it is not in an angular position. Planets receive virupas according to occupancy in: Angular Houses 1st, 4th, 7th, 10th - 60 virupas Kendra Succedent Houses 2nd, 5th, 8th, 11th - 30 virupas Kendra Cadent Houses 3rd, 6th, 9th, 12th - 15 virupas Kendra The Ptolemaic 5 orb is applied in deciding the house which a planet occupies. If it is within 5 of the cusp of the following house, it is counted as being in that house.

    In the horoscope of Coolidge, Jupiter, being within 5 of the 12th house cusp, is consequently in a cadent house and receives only 15 virupas kendra bala. Mercury, Sun, Venus and Saturn are all in succedent houses, and receive 30 virupas; whereas Moon and Mars, both angular in the 10th house, receive the full 60 virupas of kendra bala. It is somewhat at variance with, but not alto- gether contradictory to, Hindu concepts of the limits of a house, which will be discussed when erection of the bhava chakra is considered. No doubt certain differ- ences between Eastern and Western philosophies are involved, which may well account for the accuracy of the results which have been obtained by using the 5 orb.

    YUGMA BALA Yugma Bala is referred to in Hindu texts as yugma- yugma, meaning ''even-numbered - not even-num- bered," conceiving it as an operation of the positive and negative, masculine and feminine values in the Constellational Astrology horoscope. Yugma reveals the attitude toward karmic activity, whether aggressive or passive.

    In calculating yugma bala, the position of a planet in both rasi and navamsa must be considered and com- bined. Rasis and navamsas are classified as odd or even in the same manner as in Western astrology. Aries, the first rasi, is "odd" or masculine , Taurus is "even" or feminine , and so on throughout the twelve rasis of the zodiac.

    Masculine planets arc more favorably situated in odd-numbered rasis and navamsas, while feminine planets do best in even-numbered rasis or navamsas. Next is the Venus at a distance of about km from the sun. The earth completes one rotation on its axis with the speed of The most part of the sun is found in the form of hydrogen gas that goes on changing in to helium gas gradually. The nearest four planets are mostly made up of rocks and metals. They have hydrogen and helium in very little quantity. These gases are common in the entire solar system. In comparison to other planets, our earth the third planet from the sun has oxygen and water in abundant volume.

    In addition to them, Nitrogen, carbon, helium, etc. The most ancient civilizations of the earth are found on the bank of river, but are not found on sea beaches. The sun is also known as a star. It is one of thousands stars. The groups of stars are also known as galaxy and it is very huge. It is the second biggest galaxy. The biggest one is known as Andromeda. The sun along with its family planets move revolve around the center of galaxy gradually.

    It takes about years in completing one revolution. As like all the planets revolve around the sun on their orbits and remain fix at their axis with the gravitational force of the sun as the moon also goes on revolving around the earth. The orbit of the moon is ovule in shape, but not round in shape. The moon has also much power that influences the earth. As a result of it, tides go on coming in sea water everyday. The radius of the moon is km and it is about km far away from the earth , because it is larger and heavier than it. The moon has also no its own heat and light like other planets. It only reflects the light of the sun.

    It is known as full moon. On other sides, the moon appears as very thin shining line, it is known as semi moon. These are as much certain and regular as it is used by calculating time. When the moon comes in between the sun and the earth, the sunlight falls on its back side, but it can not be seen from earth, because it is hidden at this time and called as new moon. According to Indian calendar, the time period from new moon to full moon is known as shukla paksha and the time period from full moon to new moon is known as Krishna paksha.

    It completes on rotation on its axis in When it completes one rotation on its axis, the earth completes few distances around the sun; in other hand, the line of sun and earth is stepped ahead. When solar eclipse takes place, it takes place only at the time of navgraha amavasya, while the dark surface of the moon is towards earth and the surface lighted from sun is towards another side. Just opposite to it, when lunar eclipse takes place, the whole moon is poornamasi and the earth comes just in between the moon and the sun.

    It is essential for the knowledge of astrology. Both, together, influence the fundamental principles of ancient astrology. Jyotish Shastra in Hindi. Skip to content Wed.